Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov
Life and Work
Born in the Kamenskaya region of Russia (Kruzhlinin hamlet, part of stanitsa Veshenskaya, former Region of the Don Cossack Army) known as the "land of the Cossacks", his father was a Russian of the lower middle class who had many occupations, such as farming, cattle trading, and milling. Sholokhov's mother came from an Ukrainian peasant stock and was the widow of a Cossack. She was illiterate but learned to read and write in order to correspond with her son. Sholokhov attended schools in Kargin, Moscow, Boguchar, and Veshenskaia until 1918, when he joined the side of the revolutionaries in the civil war. He was only 13 years old. Don Cossacks refers to cossacks that settled along the Don River, Russia it its lower and middle parts. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Categories: 1911 Britannica | Historical stubs | Feudalism ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Ìîñêâà?, pronunciation: Maskva listen), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1920. ...

Sholokhov began writing at 17. The Birthmark, Sholokhov's first story, appeared when he was 19. In 1922 Solokhov moved to Moscow to become a journalist, but he had to support himself by doing manual labour. He was a longshoreman, stonemason, and accountant (1922-1924), but also intermittently participated in writers "seminars". His first work to appear in print was the satirical article A Test (1922). 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Ìîñêâà?, pronunciation: Maskva listen), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... A journalist is a person engaged in the profession of journalism. ... A stevedore is a person who works at loading or unloading a ship. ... The London Guild of Masons was formed in 1356. ... Accountancy (British English) or accounting (American English) is the process of maintaining, auditing, and processing financial information for business purposes. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

In 1924 Sholokhov returned Veshesnkaya and devoted himself entirely to writing. In the same year he married Mariia Petrovna Gromoslavskaia; they had two daughters and two sons. 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

His first book Tales from the Don (1926), a volume of stories about the Cossacks of his native region during World War I and the Russian Civil War, won him the 1965 Nobel Prize for Literature. In the same year Sholokhov began writing And Quiet Flows the Don (earned Stalin Prize), which took him fourteen years to complete (1928-1940). It became the most read work of Soviet fiction and was heralded as a powerful example of Socialist Realism. Virgin Soil Upturned (earned Lenin Prize), written in two parts (Seeds of Tomorrow (1932) and Harvest on the Don (1960)) took 28 years to complete and reflects life during collectivization in the Don area. The short story The Fate of a Man (1957) was made into a popular Russian film and his unfinished novel They Fought for Their Country is about the Great Patriotic War. 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Missing image Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1920. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... The USSR State Prize (Russian:Ãîñóäà?ðñòâåííàÿ ïðå?ìèÿ ÑÑÑÐ) was the Soviet Unions highest civilian honour. ... Stalin as an Organiser of the October Revolution by Karp Trokhimenko Socialist realism is a teleologically-oriented style of realistic art which has as its purpose the furtherance of the goals of socialism and communism. ... Lenin Prize (Russian: Ëå?íèíñêàÿ ïðå?ìèÿ) was one of the highest awards in the Soviet Union. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... There are several rivers named Don: Don River, Russia, one of the main rivers of Russia. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ...

During World War II Sholokhov wrote about the Soviet war efforts for various journals. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

His collected works was published in eight volumes between 1956 and 1960. 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Sholokhov has been accused, by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn among others, of plagiarizing And Quiet Flows the Don. The evidence was largely circumstantial: Sholokhov's age at the time of its composition and, in particular, the gulf in quality between his masterpiece and his other works. To complicate matters, Sholokhov could produce no rough drafts of Don, claiming that they had been destroyed by the Germans during World War II. A 1984 monograph by Geir Kjetsaa and others demonstrated through computer study that Sholokhov was indeed the likely author of Don. And in 1987, several thousand pages of notes and drafts of the work were discovered and authenticated. Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the Soviet Union for his book The Gulag Archipelago. ...